(FREE) [Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies] author Jared Diamond

  • Paperback
  • 425
  • Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies
  • Jared Diamond
  • English
  • 19 December 2019
  • 9780739467350

Jared Diamond ð 6 Free download

Read & Download Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies Jared Diamond ð 6 Free download Free read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ð Jared Diamond W York Review of Books book Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the modern world Societies that had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter gatherer stage and then developed writing technology government and organized religion as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war and adventured on sea and land to. Terrible This is one of those books which seems at face value as if it has an interesting and persuasive thesis and indeed there are a couple of reasonable points in here but by and large Guns Germs and Steel is a poorly written book shoddily argued and riddled with factual errors Jared Diamond s thesis is that the differences which one can observe in technological and economic development around the world do not result from racial differences but rather from geographical ones the variety and nutritional value of available crops the number of animals which could be domesticated the geographical axes of the various continents Diamond claims that this is an anti racist theory because it points out that white people were just lucky not inherently deserving or talented or resourceful than people anywhere else in the world However Diamond s intention to write an anti racist book doesn t mean that he succeeded in doing so There are layers of problematic assumptions and unconscious Eurocentrism underlying his writing layers which make Guns Germs and Steel an uneasy read you for the reader whom Diamond seems to hypothesise in the book is a white Westerner there s no sense that a PoC from say Malaysia or Egypt might have picked it up should not feel a sense of accountability or responsibility or guilt for colonialism or imperialism or the ongoing exploitation of most of the world s population by those living in the developed world It s no one s fault it s just geographyWhen it comes to assessing the reliability of Diamond s arguments the fact that there are no footnotes and no full bibliography make that a somewhat difficult task but I know enough about sub Saharan African history to know that he characterises several key things incorrectly and just enough about the history of the Americas to be very suspicious about things that Diamond claims There are numerous minor factual errors like saying that oi means sheep in Irish p 343 The Irish word for sheep is caora and as far as I know there s no such word as oi or even o in Irish This is admittedly minor but if you indulge in repeated bouts of carelessness like that you re going to make me suspicious about the factual foundations of the rest of your arguments And indeed while I can t assess the validity of some of Diamond s scientific claims though the continent axis theory falls apart the you start to think about it as does his failure to consider the impact of human alteration of the environment I do know that I d expect better historical argumentation from an undergraduate history major For instance when about to describe the meeting of the conuistador Pizarro with the Incan emperor Atahuallpa he saysWhat unfolded that day at Cajamarca is well known because it was recorded in writing by many of the Spanish participants by six of Pizarro s companions including his brothers Hernando and Pedro pp 68 69Which of course is nonsense What we have is a record of what six individual Spanish men and no Incans wanted the Spanish king to think had happened on that day A moment s thought would tell you that there are multiple problems with using their writings as a straightforward means of assessing anything about Incan culture and society Rookie errors like that made me roll my eyes extra hard at the epilogue in which Diamond explains to historians what our discipline should look like and how we should think of it How about no sir if you ve repeatedly demonstrated a lack of ability to think historically you don t get to decide what historians should do It s also worth pointing out that even if one accepts Diamond s thesis as persuasive it doesn t actually answer the uestion he sets out to answer why it is that EuropeanWestern societies set out to establish political and cultural hegemony over the rest of the world and were so successful at it Just because a society is technologically or economically complex than its neighbour doesn t mean that it automatically sets out to conuer it that s a uestion you can t answer with geography You have to theorise power and social structure and Diamond can t do that Avoid

Read & Download Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human SocietiesGuns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies

Read & Download Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies Jared Diamond ð 6 Free download Free read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ð Jared Diamond Diamond has written a book of remarkable scope one of the most important and readable works on the human past published in recent yearsWinner of the Pulitzer Prize and a national bestseller the global account of the rise of civilization that is also a stunning refutation of ideas of human development based on raceIn this artful informative and delightful William H McNeill Ne. Original review Dec 10 2008I liked this book and it taught me a bunch of things I hadn t known before I read it Jared Diamond has clearly had a interesting life than most of us and spent significant amounts of time in a wide variety of different kinds of society all over the world He says he got the basic idea from a conversation he had back in the 70s with a friend in New Guinea His friend who later became a leader in the independence movement wanted to talk about cargo manufactured goods technology Why is it he asked that you Europeans have so much cargo than we do Diamond thought he had come up with a good uestion and wrote the book in an attempt to answer itThe core of Diamond s explanation is that Europeans were essentially lucky in two respects First we have unusually many easily domesticable plant and animal species Second since Europe is oriented East West rather than North South a species which is domesticated in one part of Europe has a good chance of thriving in another so there are many opportunities to swap farming technology between different areas It helps that there is an easily navigable river system and also that there are no impassible deserts or mountain ranges These conditions are not reproduced in most other parts of the world Diamond has a range of interesting tables showing how few useful domesticable species there are elsewhere Because we got efficient farming earlier than most other people we also got cities and advanced technology earlier and everything else followed from that initial lead we establishedOne objection you could make is that it wasn t luck but rather that Europeans were enterprising than people in other areas about finding good species to domesticate Diamond s answer to this is fairly convincing Having lived extensively with pre industrial people he says that we city dwellers just don t understand how well they know their flora and fauna and how active their interest in them is I guess a New Guinea tribesman would conversely be surprised at how uickly word gets around on the Internet when a cool new website appears Basically what he s saying is that pre industrial people tried everything that could be tried and when they didn t find anything good it s because it wasn t there Systematic studies by modern scientists do seem to support this conclusionAnother criticism some readers have leveled at Diamond is that he makes history completely deterministic once the geography was fixed everything that happened after that was inevitable I don t actually think that s fair Diamond is open about the fact that his theories make one embarrassingly incorrect prediction if it was all about being first to domesticate plant and animal species and set up efficient farming then China should be the world s preeminent civilization Even though he makes some attempt to explain why this isn t so there does right now seem to be a fair case for saying that it s not only geographyLuckily George W Bush has been working hard to try and smooth things out If the Western world can just arrange two or three leaders like him all of Diamond s data will hopefully come out the way it s supposed to and the last few hundred years of Western history can be written off as a statistical blip Way to go Dubya Update Oct 1 2012I was surprised this morning to discover that Darwin in On the Origin of Species expressed an opinion diametrically opposite to the one Diamond argues forIf it has taken centuries or thousands of years to improve or modify most of our plants up to their present standard of usefulness to man we can understand how it is that neither Australia the Cape of Good Hope nor any other region inhabited by uite uncivilised man has afforded us a single plant worth culture It is not that these countries so rich in species do not by a strange chance possess the aboriginal stocks of any useful plants but that the native plants have not been improved by continued selection up to a standard of perfection comparable with that given to the plants in countries anciently civilisedDoes Diamond mention this Unfortunately I don t have a copy to hand Update Mar 20 2020We seem to be well on track Deadly virus comes out of China Western leaders react with a mixture of denial and incompetence as infection rates soar and their economies crumble Diamond s analysis was so accurate that he couldn t believe his own conclusions

Free read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ð Jared Diamond

Read & Download Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies Jared Diamond ð 6 Free download Free read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ð Jared Diamond Conuer and decimate preliterate cultures A major advance in our understanding of human societies Guns Germs and Steel chronicles the way that the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based theories of human historyWinner of the Pulitzer Prize the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science the Rhone Poulenc Prize and the Commonwealth Club of California's Gold Meda. This may be the most over rated book in the history of book rating The point he is making is that we in Western Civilazation haven t built skyscrapers made moon landings mass produced automobiles eradicated polio or for that matter lived indoors with running water while aborigines in certain remote outposts still hunt and gather in isolated tribes because we are inherently any smarter or industrious than those individuals Of course he is mostly right but why in the 21st century is this considered such a novel idea and why does he have to be so BORING about it Don t believe the hype