EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus


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  1. says: Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus My favorite recent history book Mann surveys the breadth and complexity of indigenous cultures in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus Some of this research was familiar to me When I taught American history in the 2000s I would start with such 'snapshots' of Cahokia the Olmecs the Serpent Mound the Maya the great trade netw

  2. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus The survey of current thinking on the population of the americas via that Beringia land bridge and the subseuent summary of the evolutions of early american society is interestingBut the repeated comparisons between american society and eurasian society are really fraught and often belabored The comparisons between the two hemisphere's agriculture and domesticable animals are fine but the assertion that Aztec

  3. says: Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann This was like a coloring book of pre Pilgrim North America for me in that it filled in a lot of unanswered uestions and brilliantly illuminated some areas of my knowledge that were mere outlines It stays within the lines and makes my early attempts at coloring in the past look like spidery seizure induced scrawlingsBeing originally from New England I'm well aware that there were inhabitants here long before the Europe

  4. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary As someone who writes professionally in this area unabashed plug watch for God's Mercies Doubleday Canada in October 07 I have high praise for this title a long overdue assessment of native culture and civilization before and at contact with Europeans I'm still reading it but I've been impressed so farI've now finished see below Anyone who enjoyed it should also consider Elaine Dewar's Bones which explores the archaeological controversy of

  5. says: Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus You know – in fourteen hundred and ninety two Columbus sailed the ocean blue So 1491 was a particularly interesting year for the inhabitants of the Americas This is a remarkably similar story to that told in Dark Emu It is almost as if eve

  6. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary See updated alternative reading recommendations belowWell I finally finished it There were some interesting factoids such as the theory that much of the rainforest was planted by humans but even then the data were not marshaled in a convincing coherent fashion Over all the book was badly organized the chapter and section h

  7. says: Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann

    Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Very well written a good mixture of factual evidence and narrative The main take home point here should be known t

  8. says: Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus I'm astonished at how many people mention in their reviews that they are surprised at how rich and varied and impressive the cultures of the Americas were until a certain point Many of them actually live on the said continents How do you even live on a continent and know little about its history? What did anyone think the Aztec were a bunch of barbarians? Did anyone think Columbus arrived to find an unpopulated part of the world?

  9. says: EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus In brief I felt this was an adeuate often fascinating summary of human habitation of the Americas prior to the arrival of Europeans as understood by present day historians and scientists I was happy to see that Mann highlighted controversial areas without simply adopting one side of any given controversy and in general it seemed like a balanced well researched book That said there were numerous peccadillosMann starts with the basic assert

  10. says: Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    EBOOK DOWNLOAD 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Fascinating exploration of what we know of the New World before Columbus arrived I knew pretty much nothing about the Incas the Mayans the Aztecs and all the other societies that actually were possibly BIGGER than Europe in 1492 and dwarfed it in centuries before It's also an interesting survey of these societi

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Review 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Review ß 2 In this groundbreaking work of science history and archaeology Charles C Mann radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of Columbus in 1492Contrary to what so many Americans learn in school the pre Columbian Indians were not sparsely settled in a pristine wilderness; rather there wer. The survey of current thinking on the population of the americas via that Beringia land bridge and the subseuent summary of the evolutions of early american society is interestingBut the repeated comparisons between american society and eurasian society are really fraught and often belabored The comparisons between the two hemisphere s agriculture and domesticable animals are fine but the assertion that Aztec apparently it s politically correct to call them Mexica philosophy was as rich as medieval europe s is ludicrous especially given that such a huge volume of Aztec codices have been preserved and deciphered The Aztecs did some respectable philosophical work but Mann s exaggerations aside they didn t come close to rivaling the work done in ancient Greece to say nothing of the subseuent 2000 years of philosophy in Europe with a nod towards Middle Eastern contributions as well that took place between the death of Aristotle and the discovery of the new world Today it may be possible to take a mesoamerican philosophy course in some university departments but there are very few if any lasting or novel contributions to the the broader discipline of philosophy to be found in Aztec or Mayan or Incan philosophy There s no shame in that it has been said that all philosophy is but a footnote to Plato So why feel the need to exaggerate and mislead readers by making politically correct assertions that have no basis in realityAlso the distinction the author draws between guilt and responsibility ie we should not feel guilty that Cortes introduced smallpox and wiped out 95% of american indians but we have some responsibility for this is way too underdeveloped to be taken seriously I don t necessarily think that the discussion is even necessary but it is not an uncommon discussion in US politics and Mann consciously decides to wade into these waters First he never defines we though it seems he means whites of european descent residing in the new world and maybe Europeans back in Europe who benefitted from mercantilismcolonialism It s not clear And then he never explains how responsibility can be justly divided among descendants how someone of say direct Cortez lineage might have a different level of responsibility than a descendant of an Irish family with no seafaring anscestors and no pedigree in the New World until the late 19th century And if they have the same responsibility then does a modern day Chinese or Indian immigrant to the new world also have some responsibility All unclear and the absence of even any contemplation of these points leaves the book s attempts at constructing a morality of EuropeanAmerican Indian interaction disappointingly hollow Mann decided the topic was worthy enough to merit some discussion it is unfortunate he failed to do the topic any justice

Review Ó PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Charles C. Mann1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Review ß 2 E huge numbers of Indians who actively molded and influenced the land around them The astonishing Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan had running water and immaculately clean streets and was larger than any contemporary European city Mexican cultures created corn in a specialized breeding process that it has been cal. As someone who writes professionally in this area unabashed plug watch for God s Mercies Doubleday Canada in October 07 I have high praise for this title a long overdue assessment of native culture and civilization before and at contact with Europeans I m still reading it but I ve been impressed so farI ve now finished see below Anyone who enjoyed it should also consider Elaine Dewar s Bones which explores the archaeological controversy of how long people have been in the New World She wholeheartedly supports the a really really long time campMy only critiue of 1491 and it is minor is that the author I feel overstates the case that Europeans mainly English did not enjoy a military superiority over the natives that their powder weapons were ineffective This is a rather generous reading of native military capability The English army did away with the longbow in 1598 and for all their problems powder weapons were a clear advantage Frenchman Samuel de Champlain used just three haruebus to devastating effect against the Irouois Haudenosaunee in 1609 and in his trade and colonization monopoly secured in 1612 under the Prince de Cond the terms specifically forbid anyone to trade powder weapons with the natives under penalty of a 10000 livre fine and corporal punishment One of the key factors in European inability not to immediately conuer or eradicate native populations by force was the sheer lack of firepower They also needed them as trade partners These commercial ventures English and French in particular didn t have the full might of their states behind them in the early contact period Had England or France made up their mind to truly conuer these shores and their peoples they would have marched through them much like de Soto did in the southeastern US in the mid 16th century for good or for ill pretty well for ill But an idea the author does well to advance is the fact that coastal nations or tribes that made contact with the newcomers often came to decide that they should secure a strategic advantage and enlist the newcomers aid in fighting their own enemies It was a complicated time and 1491 is a worthy overview Having now finished I ll still recommend it For those interested in precontact cultures north of 49 as in half of North America the lack of material about French Canada is a little disappointing There s nothing about the much debated vanishing of the Irouoian speaking residents of the St Lawrence at Hochelaga and Stadacona who were there in large numbers in palisade villages when Cartier first visited in the 1530s but had vanished utterly by the time Champlain showed up in 1603 But that s nitpicky considering the enormous scope of this work

Charles C. Mann Ö 2 Summary

1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Review ß 2 Led man’s first feat of genetic engineering Indeed Indians were not living lightly on the land but were landscaping and manipulating their world in ways that we are only now beginning to understand Challenging and surprising this a transformative new look at a rich and fascinating world we only thought we kne. In brief I felt this was an adeuate often fascinating summary of human habitation of the Americas prior to the arrival of Europeans as understood by present day historians and scientists I was happy to see that Mann highlighted controversial areas without simply adopting one side of any given controversy and in general it seemed like a balanced well researched book That said there were numerous peccadillosMann starts with the basic assertion that the West s primary mistake in our conception of American Indians is that we have generally seen them as unchanging features in a primeval wilderness This he argues is dehumanizing regardless of whether you prefer to prefix savage with noble because a people incapable of change seems incapable of will of thought of ingenuityHe attempts to dismantle this notion by presenting research supporting 3 broad ideas1 pre Columbian population estimates are now assumed to be much higher than previously thought ie between the time of first contact and the colony at Plymouth humanity in the Americans witnessed a massive die off2 humans were present in North America for tens of thousand of years and the complexity of their societies were comparable with with Eurasian counterparts3 Indians could and did exert influence over the natural worldOn the whole I think Mann made convincing arguments for the broad stokes However there were a number of things that set me off most of them centering around my suspicion that Mann was trying harder to convince than reveal Maybe this stems from his journalistic rather than academic background but I constantly felt cajoled when what I wanted to feel was of courseFirst of all there was the general lack of methods Reconstructing history is a tricky business fraught with error so when you re trying to communicate a challenging and controversial notion like the number of American Indians who died as a result of European diseases I think you need to go into excruciating detail about how population numbers are derived To his credit Mann touches on it but he treats the issue of error as a sort of footnote noting one scientist who thinks the degree of error makes the numbers meaningless Throughout the book I found myself asking But how do we know that and was generally disappointed by the number and uality of the citations sources often include interviews personal communication and secondary sources that themselves lack citation To provide another example on p 234 he describes how Olmecs deformed the pliant skulls of their infants to make them look a certain way only to admit archaeologists only assume they did this based on their artwork No ellipsis can adeuately contain my stupefaction at the absurdity of that claim Have you seen Mesoamerican artwork Have you seen any human artwork prior to Enlightenment Europe Not exactly the height of realism Perusing his source it seems that the figurines looked deformed and intentional deformation was apparently documented elsewhere in Mesoamerica but the citation trail goes Spanish there so I m lost If there were first hand accounts of similar practices you need to describe them In the text Because shaping baby skulls is WEIRD by our standardsThere were other portions that just seemed irrational andor unscientific His attempt to euate human sacrifice among the Mexica aka Aztecs and 17th century executions in Britain was a bit ridiculous as fellow Goodreads user Stefan pointed out p 134 On p 172 he actually describes error ranges for carbon dating as typographical clutter muffled howl of rage On p 291 he writes Indians began systematically replanting large belts of woodland transforming them into orchards for fruit and mast He cites Krummer an Atlantic Monthly article about chestnut restoration and himself neither of which mention Indian planting You get the pictureFinally I found his constant comparisons to Europe and the general sense of hand wringing and guilt a bit trying and that s coming from a self avowed Western liberal hand wringer Two back to back uotes sum this up nicelyThe complexity of a society s technology has little to do with its level of social complexity something that we in our era of rapidly changing seemingly overwhelming technology have trouble grasping p 250But where Europe had the profoundly different civilizations of China and Islam to steal from Mesoamerica was alone in the world p 251The sagacity of the former idea and the absurd implication that cultural and technological interchange in Eurasia was both one way and morally wrong perfectly describe 23 of the Ueda Mann Venn diagramBut like I said on the whole pretty good I found the penultimate bit about defining our relationship to nature and the final section about the role American Indian concepts of freedom and individuality may have influenced the founding of the United States super intriguing worth books of their own Maybe that s where he s going with 1493 Words prelapsarian adj before the Fall of Man Talkin Bilbical here p 14telluric adj terrestrial pertaining to soil p 80statrapies n in this context leaders or states that act primarily in response to larger political entities p 138fissiparous adj tending to fall apart separate p 373

  • Paperback
  • 541
  • 1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
  • Charles C. Mann
  • English
  • 10 May 2018
  • 9781400032051